Temperature changes in Europe 1975-2000; summer season (JJA)


Surface air temperature changes June-August 1975-2000 estimated as the difference between the simple 11yr means for the periods 1970-1980 and 1995-2005. Longitudes and latitudes are indicated along the axis of the diagram.


Summer (June-August)

The period 1975-2000 is generally recognised in Europe as a period of widespread warming, being the result of alleged anthropogenic global warming. The summer warming affected almost every part of Europe, but was especially pronounced in areas around the Mediterranean . The maximum warming appears to be focused in the north-westerly part of the Iberian Peninsula . This summer warming has contributed to the negative mass balance experienced 1975-2000 for many glaciers in the Alps, thawing of permafrost, but also to higher values for the growing season. Northeastern Europe saw relatively little net summer warming during the period.